Pests and Diseases That Can Affect Aubergines

Sometimes, no matter how much we take good care of our aubergine plants, there are still commons threats – like pests and diseases – which can affect them.

These threats may hinder their growth and as a result end up in a not-so-productive yield.  In worse cases, it may even lead to the plants being killed.

Here are some of the pests you have to watch out for.  They especially like to feed on aubergine leaves and fruits.  You have to keep your plants safe from them if you want to harvest first before they do.

Aubergine Pests

Some of the most common eggplant pests are lacebugs, flea beetles, tomato hornworms, mites cutworms and aphids.

These pests, like the flea beetle, eats on the eggplant’s leaves.  If you find your eggplant leaves full of holes, it means you have this pest somewhere in the vicinity.

To deal with these pests, use collars and row covers until the aubergine plants are mature enough to endure the attacks.  When they are big enough, you can use insecticide soaps to get rid of these vermins.

Keeping the soil free of weeds and other rubbish low will help prevent eggplant bugs.  Proper crop rotation every other year will also help.

Aubergine Diseases

Pests are not the only thing that threatens aubergines.  Diseases also lurk around the corner which can considerably limit the growth of your plants.

Some of the most common eggplant-related diseases include wilt disease, blossom end rot and various types of blight.

The most serious diseases associated with eggplants is Verticillium wilt.  Its symptoms are discoloration of the lower stem and roots, wilting and eventually, death.

Certain diseases are also caused by pests and insects that attack the eggplants during its growth period.  Aphids can significantly damage the leaves and stems of your eggplants and whitefly can damage the plant’s shoot system, making it incapable of further growth.

A number of these diseases can be prevented by practicing crop rotation, adequate spacing and proper watering.

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